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Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Information

Gran Quivira: Excavations in a 17th-century Jumano Pueblo
By Gordon Vivian
The Gran Quivira ruins are reminders of the Spanish Franciscans missionary efforts in the 17th century when Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials first interacted. Abandoned by 1672, the ruins were partially excavated from March through May of 1951. In the 8th publication in the Archeological Research Series, this book includes previously unpublished excavation data; examines the cultural conflicts and interactions between the associated aboriginal dwellings; and explores factors leading to abandonment of the area in the 17th century. Written for both the professional and the layman alike, this is an authoritative historical and archeological account of the Gran Quivira ruins. 
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Salinas Pueblo Missions: Salt of the Earth
In the Old World, salt was once so valuable it was used for money. In the Americas, it was one of the most important items of exchange, providing a livelihood for many Indian villages. Click here to download information on the Salinas pueblos and the salt lakes located near present day Willard, New Mexico.

Salinas Pueblo Missions: What's in a Name?
The stories behind the origins of the names at Salinas reflect the region's diverse pueblo, plains and Spanish heritage. Click here to download.

The Spanish Inquisition
The Spanish Inquisition was established in New Mexico in 1626. Several friars at Quarai, one of the missions in the Salinas District (9 miles north of Mountainair), served as heads of the Inquisition. Click here to download information on the effects of the Inquisition on the native peoples of New Mexico.

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